15 August 2020: Article published
Social Science & Medicine published our paper “What’s a normal weight?” – Origin and receiving country influences on weight-status assessment among 1.5 and 2nd generation immigrant adolescents in Europe
2 July 2020: Publication of two reports
HBSC Luxembourg published two reports.
Trends from 2006-2018 in Health, Health Behaviour, Health Outcomes and Social Context of Adolescents in Luxembourg This report shows how 30 health indicators developed in the four Luxembourg HBSC surveys conducted in 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018. There were positive trends especially in the health behaviour of the pupils: they smoke less and drink less alcohol. They also report more frequently that they brush their teeth regularly, eat more fruit and fewer sweets and consume fewer soft drinks. From 2006-2018, however, there were also deteriorations. For example, more pupils feel stressed from school and rate the climate among classmates worse. In addition, there are more pupils who are overweight and exercise less and more pupils report having psychosomatic health complaints.
Suicidal Behaviour in Youth in Luxembourg – Findings from the HBSC 2014 Luxembourg Study Suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young people worldwide. In order to prevent suicides, early identification of groups at risk is needed. In the Luxembourgish HBSC study, data on suicidal behaviours among adolescents were collected in 2006, 2010 and 2014. These were used to identify suicide risk factors in order to prevent suicides.
20 May 2020: Journal of Adolescent Health – Special Issue
Today the special issue of the Journal of Adolescent Health on the 2017/18 HBSC study was published. Authors of the Luxembourg HBSC team contributed to three articles.
“Intersectionality and Adolescent Mental Well-being: A Cross-Nationally Comparative Analysis of the Interplay Between Immigration Background, Socioeconomic Status and Gender” Informed by an intersectional approach, the article deals with the interplay between immigration background, socio-economic status, and gender in shaping adolescent mental well-being. The first aim of the study was to assess whether membership in multiple disadvantaged social groups (for example being an immigrant girl with a low socio-economic status), in line with multiple jeopardy hypothesis, had an aggravated, rather than simply cumulative, negative effect on adolescent mental well-being. Cognizant of the importance of national level factors (such as income inequality, gender inequality and immigration and integration policies) in mitigating or exacerbating health inequalities, the second aim of the study was to assess whether these factors facilitated or hindered such an effect. Employing new and innovative methodology, and making use of the large and diverse sample offered by the 2017-18 HBSC data, the study could show that multiple jeopardy hypothesis can be maintained for less inclusive and equal countries but should be rejected for their more equal and inclusive counterparts.
“Patterns of Healt-Related Gender Inequalities – A Cluster Analysis of 45 Countries” The paper explores gender inequalities between 45 countries across 10 health indicators among 15 year-olds and whether those differences in health correlate with gender inequality in general. The cluster analysis reveals systematic gender inequalities, as the countries can be divided into seven distinct groups with similar gender inequality patterns. Luxembourg belongs to cluster 2, i.e. the health inequalities between boys and girls in Luxembourg correspond to the average of all countries. In other words, neither boys nor girls are particularly disadvantaged concerning specific health indicators. For eight of the 10 health indicators, there is a negative correlation with the Gender Inequality Index: the greater the gender equality in a country, the higher the odds that girls feel fat, have low support from families, have low life satisfaction, have multiple health complaints, smoke, drink alcohol, feel school pressure, and are overweight compared with boys. Four indicators show a divergence: the higher the gender equality in a country in general, the larger the differences between boys and girls regarding life satisfaction, school pressure, multiple health complaints, and feeling fat.
„Cross-National Time Trends in Adolescent Mental Well-Being From 2002 to 2018 and the Explanatory Role of Schoolwork Pressure“ Previous research has shown inconsistent time trends in adolescent mental well-being, but potential underlying mechanisms for such trends are yet to be examined. This study investigates cross-national time trends in adolescent mental well-being (psychosomatic health complaints and life satisfaction) in mainly European countries and the extent to which time trends in schoolwork pressure explain these trends. A small linear increase over time in psychosomatic complaints and schoolwork pressure was found. No change in life satisfaction emerged. Furthermore, there was large cross-country variation in the prevalence of, and trends over time in, adolescent mental well-being and schoolwork pressure. Overall, declines in well-being and increases in schoolwork pressure were apparent in the higher income countries. Across countries, the small increase in schoolwork pressure over time partly explained the decline in psychosomatic health complaints.
The Special Issue can be found here.
19 May 2020: International HBSC Report published
17 January 2020: Article published
The International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health published our paper School-Class Co-Ethnic and Immigrant Density and Current Smoking among Immigrant Adolescents.
15 January 2020: Methods Workshop
A methods workshop on surveying sensitive topics was held at the University of Luxembourg on 15 January. We are very grateful to the speakers Ársæll Már Arnarsson (University of Iceland), Alexander F. Schmidt (Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz), Ines Keygnaert (Ghent University), Alina Cosma (Utrecht University) and András Költő (NUI Galway) and the guests from the Ministry of Education, Children and Youth and the Ministry of Health and our colleagues from the University who contributed to a very valuable exchange of thoughts.
20 – 23 November 2019: European Public Health Conference in Marseille
At the EPH conference, Claire van Duin will give a lecture Using data from the HBSC study for evidence-based suicide prevention in Luxembourg in the seminar „How can data on adolescents’ health behavior contribute to public health policies? Lessons from HBSC“ chaired by Emmanuelle Godeau. Claire will also present a poster on Adolescent suicide behaviour profiles: comparing unplanned attempts, planned attempts and ideation.
6 – 8 November 2019: HBSC Autumn Meeting in Yerevan
Carolina Catunda took part in the Autumn Meeting in Yerevan, where she co-chaired the meeting of the Mental Health and Well-being Focus Group.
22. Oktober 2019: Journée Gesond iessen, méi beweegen
Am 22. Oktober fand in Walferdange die Konferenz „Gesond iessen, méi beweegen“ statt. Im Rahmen dieser Konferenz hat das HBSC-Team die Ergebnisse der HBSC-Befragungen 2006-2018 zu den Themen Ernährung und Bewegung vorgestellt.
8 au 10 Octobre 2019: Journées Nationales de Prévention du Suicide
Dans le cadre de la Journée Mondiale de la Santé Mentale nous avons participé aux « Journées Nationales de Prévention du Suicide », avec une présentation aux Hôpitaux Robert Schuman. La présentation intitulé « Comportement suicidaire des adolescents au Luxembourg: tendances épidémiologiques et profils comportementaux » a eu de très bons retours ! Suite à la demande des participants, les slides présentés pourront être partagés (en format pdf). N’hésitez pas à nous contacter pour plus d’information sur le sujet.
3 – 7 September 2019: EHPS Conference in Dubrovnik
Last week Carolina attended the 33rd Annual Conference of the European Health Psychology Society (EHPS) that took place in Dubrovnik, Croatia.
On September 4th she presented a Poster entitled “Communication with father and mother differently impacts suicidal behavior”. The next day she was part of a Symposium entitled “Europe’s illicit drug use challenges: are health psychological, social and policy responses fit for purpose?”, where she presented “Trends in cannabis consumption among youth in Luxembourg” using HBSC data. The abstracts of the poster and the lecture can be found in the EHPS 2019 Book of Abstracts.
15 August 2019: Article on screening of suicidal ideation accepted
The Journal of Affective Disorders has accepted our paper „Suicide Prevention: Using the Number of Health Complaints as an Indirect Alternative for Screening Suicidal Adolescents“.
18. – 20. Juni 2019: HBSC Meeting in Reykjavík – Preis für besten Vortrag
Das HBSC-Team nimmt am HBSC Meeting in Reykjavík teil:
Matthias Robert Kern hat einen Vortrag gehalten zum Thema “What’s a normal weight?“ – Weight assessment standards in Origin- and Receiving Country and Immigrant Adolescents’ Weight-Status Self-Assessment.
Das Thema des Vortrags von Andreas Heinz war “Are you a boy or girl” – Who are the non-responders?“
Carolina Catunda wurde für ihren Vortrag „Is Life Satisfaction Contagious?“ mit dem Preis für den besten Vortrag der Nachwuchsforscher ausgezeichnet.
5. Dezember 2018: Vortrag
Carolina Catunda communique sur le thème « Idéation suicidaire – Les tendances et les groupes à risque chez les adolescents au Luxembourg » à la 7ème Journée Santé Scolaire.
8. Oktober 2018: Neue Factsheets
Am 8. Oktober wurden die Factsheets N°12-17 veröffentlicht.
23. August 2018: Neue Factsheets
Am 23. August wurden die Factsheets N°5-11 veröffentlicht.
15. August 2018: Artikel zu Bullying und suizidalem Verhalten veröffentlicht
Am 15. August wurde der Artikel „The Association between Cyberbullying, School Bullying and Suicidality among Adolescents: Findings from a Cross-National Study on Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) in Israel, Lithuania and Luxembourg“ in der Zeitschrift CRISIS veröffentlicht.
26. Juni 2018: Auszeichnung für besten Vortrag
Der Vortrag unserer wissenschaftlichen Mitarbeiterin Claire van Duin wurde Ende letzter Woche beim HBSC Network Meeting in Warschau als beste Präsentation ausgezeichnet. Der Titel des Vortrags lautete “Suicidal Ideation – Trends and risk groups in Luxembourg“.